Total Ankle Arthroplasty

Abstract

Total ankle arthroplasty involves replacement of diseased articular cartilage, sclerotic subchondral bone, and associated osteophytes with a prosthetic joint. Total ankle arthroplasty remains one of the more challenging and technically demanding procedures for the orthopaedic foot and ankle surgeon. Changes in instrumentation and component design have led to renewed interest in ankle replacement as a useful treatment option for tibio-talar joint arthritis.

This article reviews the clinical presentation of tibio-talar joint arthritis and reviews the surgical technique of total ankle arthroplasty as one method of treatment. Nonsurgical management options for tibio-talar joint arthritis are also reviewed.

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