Surgical Management of Pediatric Acute Hematogenous Osteomyelitis

Abstract

Acute hematogenous osteomyelitis is a common disorder that is unique to children because of anatomic and physiologic differences present in the immature skeleton. The diagnosis and treatment of this condition is straightforward in most circumstances. Prompt evaluation with laboratory and radiographic studies will guide decision making for antibiotic therapy and surgical intervention. Common pitfalls may be avoided with anticipation and careful management during the treatment process. Overall, outcomes are excellent in the majority of children with this condition following appropriate and timely treatment.

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