Avoiding Adverse Effects of Regional Anesthesia in Orthopaedic Surgery

Abstract

Regional anesthesia has specific advantages for providing anesthesia and analgesia for orthopaedic surgery. The types of anesthesia used include neuraxial blocks and peripheral nerve blocks. Unfortunately, these procedures may be associated with certain adverse events, which have deterred some practitioners from using them in the care of patients undergoing orthopaedic surgery. Identifying the patients susceptible to these adverse events, and following pathways of evidence-based care, may allow the prevention and better management of such events in order to benefit from these techniques of regional anesthesia. This article discusses techniques for avoiding adverse events in regional anesthesia in orthopaedic surgery.

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