Diagnostic Knee Arthroscopy: Surgical Technique

Abstract

The ability to perform a diagnostic arthroscopic examination of the knee is an essential skill for the orthopaedic surgeon. The skills required for arthroscopy are typically taught and developed in the early years of residency training. During these initial training sessions, it is imperative for the beginning arthroscopist to develop excellent habits to build a foundation on which to increase his/her skills for not only diagnosing but also treating different knee pathologies. Importantly, the arthroscopist must develop a reproducible routine to perform a complete examination without missing additional diagnoses. Often, the hand-eye coordination, triangulation, and physical skills required for arthroscopy are learned "on the go" as residents gain more experience with simulation equipment and performing in the operating room. The purpose of this article is to provide basic information on the surgical technique for performing a thorough, accurate, and efficient diagnostic knee arthroscopy.

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