Surgical Hip Dislocation in the Pediatric Population

Abstract

Surgical hip dislocation is an approach to the hip that provides 360° of exposure to the head of the femur and full access to the acetabulum and labrum, while safely preserving the blood supply to the femoral head. The safety of surgical hip dislocation has been established in both anatomic and clinical studies, and has subsequently been applied in the treatment of a variety of hip disorders common in pediatric patients, including Legg-Calvé-Perthes disease, slipped capital femoral epiphysis, and femoroacetabular impingement. This article reviews the pertinent anatomy and technique of surgical hip dislocation, the potential complications associated with this procedure, and the applied indications of this approach in treating disorders of the hip in pediatric patients.

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