Common Dance and Ballet Injuries of the Foot and Ankle

Abstract

Injuries of the foot and ankle are common in individuals participating in dance and classical ballet. These injuries are typically the result of stress and overuse, although some are likely related to developmental abnormalities that are influenced by pushing the ankle joint beyond its normal physiological limits. Although many foot and ankle conditions are common in dancers, this article reviews the diagnosis and treatment of conditions that are specific and common in ballet: symptomatic os trigonum, triggering of the flexor hallucis longus tendon, and certain types of stress fractures.

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