Proximal Humerus Fractures

Abstract

Proximal humerus fractures make up approximately 5% of all fractures in adults and occur primarily in the elderly population, typically as a result of low-energy falls. Younger patients may sustain these injuries due to higher-energy mechanisms. Women are more commonly affected than men, by a ratio varying from 2:1 to 5:1. Approximately three fourths of proximal humerus fractures have only minor displacement and should be managed nonsurgically. This article reviews the identification and surgical treatment of displaced fractures of the proximal humerus.

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