Application of Thoracic, Lumbar, and Sacral Pedicle Screws and Iliac Screws

Abstract

Pedicle screws have revolutionized the use of posterior instrumentation in spinal surgery by providing three-column fixation, which allows for more rigid constructs and more powerful reduction of spinal deformities. The application of pedicle screws requires knowledge of spinal anatomy and relationships. This article provides written and video-assisted descriptions of the applied anatomy and surgical technique for the application of thoracic, lumbar, and sacral pedicle screws and iliac screws in spinal surgery.

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