OKOJ, Volume 2, No. 2

Shoulder Arthroscopy

This topic presents shoulder arthroscopy videos featuring arthroscopic anatomy, subacromial decompression, rotator cuff repair, massive rotator cuff repair, subscapularis repair, biceps tenodesis, SLAP repair, RHAGL repair, stabilization, panscapular plication, and calcium removal.

    • Keywords:
    • shoulder joint

    • arthroscopic anatomy

    • portal placement

    • subacromial decompression

    • rotator cuff repair

    • massive rotator cuff repair

    • subscapularis repair

    • biceps tenodesis

    • superior labrum anterior-posterior lesion

    • SLAP repair

    • reverse humeral avulsion of glenohumeral ligaments

    • RHAGL repair

    • panscapular plication

    • calcium removal

    • Subspecialty:
    • Shoulder and Elbow

    • Sports Medicine

Spinal Cord Injury

Patellar instability is defined as abnormal, clinically symptomatic, lateral or, in rare cases, medial translation of the patella out of the trochlear groove. Instability includes dislocations as well as subluxations, both of which can be either traumatic or atraumatic. One of the considerations in the management of patellar instability is whether the instability is due to an acute patellar dislocation or chronic/recurrent instability. The article reviews the pathophysiology and clinical presentation of patellar instability and reviews the management options for acute and for chronic/recurrent instability. Two surgical techniques are reviewed in detail: anteromedialization and MPFL reconstruction. Video is available.

    • Keywords:
    • SCI

    • systemic manifestations

    • neurogenic shock

    • spinal shock

    • clinical syndromes

    • Brown Sequard syndrome

    • central cord syndrome

    • anterior cord syndrome

    • posterior cord syndrome

    • conus medullaris syndrome

    • cauda equina syndrome

    • ASIA motor and sensory examination

    • mechanism of neural injury

    • decompression

    • stabilization

    • pharmacologic treatment

    • antioxidants

    • excitatory amino acid receptor blockers

    • gangliosides

    • calcium channel blockers

    • kappa receptor antagonists

    • neutrophins

    • fibroblast growth factor

    • cellular transplantation

    • aminopyridine

    • tendon transfers

    • functional electrical stimulation

    • Subspecialty:
    • Spine